Gum Contouring (Gingivectomy) procedure is the total removal of a portion of your gums from in and around a tooth or teeth in order to treat gum disease or to lengthen the height or width of a tooth or a section of teeth.

Everybody has unique oral features, including their gums. Some people have gums that cover more of their teeth, while others struggle with receding gums. In both cases, a gingivectomy, removal of gum tissue, could improve the situation.

Generally, a gingivectomy takes anywhere from half an hour up to an hour depending on the amount of gum tissue to be removed. If only a few teeth require work, it could require just one session, while more involved procedures could take a few visits with time to heal between them. The process begins with local anesthesia to numb the area. Using either a gingivectomy laser tool or scalpel, your dentist cuts away the gum tissue. Expect your dentist to keep a suction tool in your mouth to remove excess saliva while they work. Your dentist may also use a special laser to remove the remaining tissue and shape your new gum line. Finally, they will apply a soft, pliable substance and bandages to your gums for protection during the healing process.

A gingivectomy can help people struggling with gum recession due to gum disease, aging, injury, or bacterial infections. It can prevent further gum damage and make cleaning easier for you and your dentist.
Though most dentists don’t recommend it, you could choose to have an elective gingivectomy for purely cosmetic reasons. People with too much gum tissue may not like their smiles and see the gingivectomy as a way to improve their appearance. Again, gingivectomies for purely aesthetic reasons are not necessarily recommended because there are always risk factors to consider..

Your dentist is the best person to tell you if you could benefit from a gingivectomy. Some people get a gingivectomy after braces if their orthodontist suggests it. Dental professionals can tell you if you would benefit from the procedure and explain the pros and cons of having it done. The biggest benefit of having a gingivectomy is improving your oral health. Of course, regular preventative care check-ups are your best chance at avoiding these procedures. Your dentist can catch potential issues early and hopefully prevent you from developing gum disease altogether.
Like many oral procedures, you can expect a fairly quick gingivectomy healing process, usually around a week. Most patients can return to a normal oral care regimen in less than a month after the procedure. Routine checkups with a dentist or periodontist will ensure that the surgery is a success. Since your dentist only uses local numbing agents, you should be able to go home right afterward. Healing after a gingivectomy could include:


  • Taking over-the-counter pain relievers to manage any pain
  • Changing bandages for a few days until the bleeding stops
  • Eating soft foods for a few days
  • Warm salt water rinses to clean out bacteria and debris